List of mood disorders
A list of mood disorders are also referred to as an affective disorder, is a disease that severely affects mood and its related functions.
A mood disorder is a general term that’s used to cover all the different types of depressive and bipolar disorders, both of which influence mood.
If you have signs of a mood disorder, your spirits may range from very low (depressed) to excessively high or irritable (manic).
Types of Mood Disorders
With the update of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) in 2013, a list of mood disorders is momentarily divided into two groups: bipolar disorder and associated disorders and depressive disorders.
In general, the principal types of mood disorders involve:
- Major depressive disorder: This is what we frequently hear, referred to as extreme depression or clinical depression. It includes periods of intense sadness, hopelessness, or emptiness followed by a variety of physical, cognitive, and emotional traits.
- Bipolar I disorder: This disorder was previously called “manic depression,” mania is distinguished by euphoric and irritable moods and improved energy or activity. During manic episodes, people with bipolar I also frequently engage in activities that can result in painful results for themselves or others.
- Bipolar II disorder: To be diagnosed with bipolar II, a person needs have had at least one episode of current or past hypomania (a less extreme form of mania), and at least one episode of present or past major depression, but no history of any manic episodes. The guidelines for episodes of mania, hypomania, and essential depression remain the same.
- Cyclothymic disorder: Diagnosis needs a minimum two-year history of multiple episodes of not-quite hypomania and not-quite major depression.
- Other: Several categories of mood disorders involve substance/medication and medically produced mood disorders. There are also “other specified” and “vague” mood disorders that don’t precisely meet standards for the other mood disorders.
The new list of mood disorders
There is three different depressive list of mood disorders covered in the DSM-V.
- Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder: This depressive disorder was attached to the DSM-V for children up to 18 years of age who show persistent annoyance and anger and many episodes of extreme rage outbursts without any critical provocation.
- Persistent depressive disorder: This diagnosis is meant to cover both chronic major depressive disorder that has lasted for two or more years and what was before known as dysthymic disorder or dysthymia, a more moderate grade form of depression.
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder: This diagnosis is based on the presence of one or more distinct signs in the week before the onset of menstruation, followed by the resolution of these signs after the start. The signs involve mood swings, irritability or anger, depressed mood or hopelessness, and anxiety or tension, as well as one or added of an additional seven symptoms, for a total of at least five signs.
Symptoms of the list of mood disorders
A list of mood disorders can lead to trouble in keeping up with the daily tasks and requirements of life.
Some people, particularly children, may have physical signs of depression, like unexplained headaches or stomachaches.
Because there are various types of mood disorders, they can produce very different effects on quality of life.
In general, signs of a list of mood disorders may include:
- Lack of interest in projects one once enjoyed
- Eating extra or less than average.
- Difficulty sleeping or resting longer than usual.
- Feeling “flat,” possessing no energy to care
- Feeling lonely, sad, desperate, and worthless
- Difficulty focusing
- Problems making determinations
- Feelings of blame
- Ideas of death and suicidee
With a list of mood disorders, these signs are continuous and eventually start to influence daily life negatively. They’re not the occasional thoughts and feelings that everyone has on occasion.
No one understands the exact origins of mood disorders, but a mixture of factors seem to contribute to them, and they tend to run in households.
Chemical irregularities in the brain are the most likely cause.
Stressful life situations like death, divorce, or trauma can also trigger depression, particularly if someone has previously had it before or there’s a genetic element.
A list of mood disorders should be adequately evaluated and treated by a mental health specialist, such as a psychiatrist.
If any of the signs above have been interfering with your life, especially if you are having suicidal thoughts, you should seek guidance quickly.
If you possess suicidal thoughts, contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 for support and assistance from a qualified counsellor. If you or a cherished one are in direct danger, call 911.
Your physician will be able to diagnose you by performing a physical exam and lab tests to rule out any physical causes for your signs, along with a psychiatric evaluation.
Millions of people undergo mood disorders and are favourably treated, helping them live a better quality of life.
Treatments for mood disorders can involve psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, as well as medicines, to help improve chemical imbalances in the brain.
A mixture of psychotherapy and prescription is often the most suitable course of action for the list of mood disorders.