The withdrawal syndrome is one of the most present ills in today’s society. Something that comes from those substances that, for one reason or another, generate a certain addiction. We have seen it with cases such as tobacco or alcohol, and we are going to delve into it to fully understand what it is, how it is treated and, of course, what is the best way to treat it.
What is Abstinence Syndrome
Withdrawal syndrome or SA is what is called “having mono” in many places. It is attributed to physical and psychological reactions that appear in a person when he stops consuming a substance to which he is addicted. It usually happens with the consumption of illegal substances such as drugs in general or even with legal substances such as alcohol.
However, it can also appear in other quite different cases. The bottom of the withdrawal syndrome is that it is always linked to substances that, in one way or another, generate addiction. When you are addicted, trying to stop this addiction always causes this “big storm” that can cause so many problems. And it is that it not only affects the person in question, it also usually affects all those close to or around them on a daily basis.
It should also be noted that withdrawal syndrome is not considered a disease, but rather as a condition that can alter the health of anyone who suffers from it. Unfortunately, it is usually a mandatory step when trying to eliminate any type of addiction. In fact, it can be seen quite often in people addicted to tobacco when they try to quit.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms vary depending on the substance in question. Thanks to this, it is also true that the substance can be deduced by observing the affected person.
For example, those who have withdrawal syndrome due to alcohol consumption usually suffer tremors, chills, dehydration, weakness and even nausea or headaches, all this always accompanied by the desire to consume it again. To this we can also add the symptoms that appear in narcotic addicts: tearing, sweating, rapid breathing, nasal flow, acceleration of the pulse, fevers, goose bumps and even hyperactivity.
They are two of the most frequent cases, although of course we must also talk about the symptoms of nicotine addicts, or what is the same, tobacco. In these cases, what usually appears is very high irritability, accompanied by the enormous desire to smoke, sudden mood swings, sleep, insomnia, weight gain or even difficulty concentrating. The range is quite wide in this case.
These are the symptoms that appear in the most common addictions. We could also talk about caffeine withdrawal syndrome, which can cause headaches and drowsiness; or that caused by amphetamines. There are so many substances that generate addiction that knowing all the symptoms linked to all of them is quite difficult. That is why it is always advisable to go to specialists.
All its phases
There are four phases of the withdrawal syndrome, together with the recovery process. The first is pure and simple withdrawal syndrome, which lasts for up to 2 weeks after withdrawal. This is where the symptoms seen above appear and, in addition, it is usually the worst phase of all.
Then comes the second phase, the early withdrawal or honeymoon phase. The person begins to feel well-being when thinking that their problems have disappeared, for a time of between 4 and 6 weeks. The problem here is that the patient may think that everything is solved and does not need to continue his treatment due to his excessive optimism.
Then comes the third phase or prolonged withdrawal. It can last up to 4 months and in it, apathy and low energy usually arise. It is often interpreted as a step back, and it is certainly one of the hardest steps of all. If you manage to overcome this stage, you are already in the adaptation to normal life, when there is no longer physical abstinence.
How to fix withdrawal syndrome
The best way to solve the withdrawal syndrome is by going to professionals like the ones you can find in a detoxification clinic. Only they know the best methods and treatments to guarantee an absolute recovery and the total abandonment of the addiction. Forget any invention or supposed trick that helps, these staff are specialized in the subject and know perfectly what to do and how to do it.